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Languages > German
Most Popular German Language Product Types
Baby - Kindergarten
Bilingual Baby German (VHS)
Children's Books
Milet Picture Dictionary English-German (Hardcover)
Classroom/Schools
Berlitz Essential German (Paperback)
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Harper Collins German - Pocket German Dictionary, 2 Ed. (Paperback)
Games
Vocabulary Flashcards (60 cards) German Verbs
Handheld Dictionary
Langenscheidt - Eurotranslator RIO
Keyboard
Keyboard for German - USB Black German Keyboard
Keyboard Stickers
Keyboard Stickers for German (white for black keyboards)
Learn
Language Tree - German for Kids Beginning Level 1 Volume 1 (DVD)
Microsoft Windows
German Microsoft Windows XP Home OEM plus Optical Mouse
Movies/Videos
Berlin Jerusalem (DVD) In German & Hebrew
Software - Mac
Langenscheidt - Hand.. French to and from German (Französisch/Deutsch) Windows CD
Software - Windows
GST Photo FX 2.0
Translation
Langenscheidt - Eurotranslator III West
Travel
Langenscheidt Jiffy Travel Pack German (Book and Audio Cassette)
Word Processing
Press International Multilanguage DTP
All German language product types


Language Information


German is one of the main cultural languages of the Western world, spoken by approximately 100 million people. It is the national language of both Germany and Austria. and is one of the four official languages of Switzerland. Additionally it is spoken in eastern France, in the region formerly known as Alsace-Lorraine, in northern Italy in the region of Alto Adige, and also in eastern Belgium, Luxembourg, and the principality of Liechtenstein. There are about one and a half million speakers of German in the United States, 500,000 in Canada and sizable colonies as well in South America and such far-flung countries as Namibia and Kazakhstan.

Like the other Germanic languages, German is a member of the Indo-European family. Written German is quite uniform but spoken dialects vary considerably, sometimes to the point where communication becomes a problem. The dialects fall within two general divisions: High German (Hochdeutsch), spoken in the highlands of the south, and Low German (Plattdeutsch), spoken in the lowlands of the north. High German is the standard written language, used almost exclusively in books and newspapers, even in the regions where Low German is more commonly spoken. Low German sounds more like English and Dutch, as may be seen by such words as Door (door—High German: Tür), and eten (to eat—High German: essen).

Traditionally German was written in a Gothic style known as Fraktur, which dates from the 14th century. In the period following World War II, however, Fraktur was largely superseded by the Roman characters used throughout the rest of Western Europe. The Roman script contains only one additional letter, the ß or double s, which is used only in the lower case. The letter j is pronounced y (e.g., ja—yes), v is pronounced f (vier—four), and w is pronounced v (weiss—white). Diphthongs include sch, pronounced sh (Schnee—snow); st, pro-nounced sht (Strasse—street) sp, pronounced shp (sprechen—to speak). The only diacritical mark is the umlaut, which appears over the letters a, o, and u (Rücken—back). German is the only language in which all nouns begin with a capital letter.

Since English is a Germanic language, it is not surprising to find a high degree of similarity in the vocabulary of the two languages. Finger, Hand, Butter, Ring, Name, warm, and blind are German words mean-mg exactly what they do in English. Other words that are very similar to their English counterparts are Vater (father), Mutter (mother), Freund (friend), Gott (God), Licht (light), Wasser (water), Feuer (fire), Silber (silver), Brot (bread), Milch (milk), Fisch (fish), Apfel (apple), Buch (book), gut (good), alt (old), kalt (cold), and blau (blue). More recent German borrowings in English are schnitzel, sauerkraut, pumpernickel, kindergarten, dachshund, poodle, yodel, lager, ersatz, edelweiss, meerschaum, wanderlust, hinterland, and blitzkrieg. The words frankfurter and hamburger come from the German cities of Frankfurt and Hamburg respectively.

The word for German in other languages takes many different forms. In German itself it is deutsch, in Spanish alemán, in Italian tedesco, in the Scandinavian languages tysk, and in Russian nemetsky.


German is spoken/used in the following countries:
Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, France, Germany, Guatemala, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Namibia, Romania, Switzerland, United States of America.

Language Family
Family: Indo-European
Subgroup: Germanic
Branch: Western


Copyright © Kenneth Katzner, The Languages of the World, Published by Routledge.


Writing Sample


Writing Sample

Translation


Pharaoh was wonderful to behold. His chariot was pure gold, naught else-gold wheels, gold sides, gold axles; and covered wi~ embossed pictures, which, however, one could not see because the whole car flashed and glittered so, as it reflected the midday sun, that the eye could scarcely bear it. The wheels and the hoofs of the steeds whirled up thick enveloping clouds of dust so that it was as if Pharaoh came on in flame and smoke, frightful and glorious to behold.

—THOMAS MANN, Joseph and His Brothers