Mari, also known as Cheremis, is spoken principally in the Russian Republic of Mari El (capital: Ioshkar-Ola), located in central European Russia directly north of the Chuvash Republic and Tatarstan. About 300,000 speakers live here, with another 100,000 in the Bashkortostan to the east, and another 100,000 scattered about in neigh-boring regions.
Mari is one of the Finno-Ugric languages. There are two main dialectsMeadow and Hillthe former spoken by about 80 percent of the total.
Mari is spoken/used in the following countries:
Bashkortostan, Chuvash, Russia.
Copyright © Kenneth Katzner, The Languages of the World, Published by Routledge.
Floating logs and rolling timber is more difficult on the Ilet than on other rivers of the Mari region. The Ilet is very turbulent. As it flows along, like a ferocious animal, it knaws and eats away its own shores. If a two-hundred-ear-old pine tree should be standing on the shore, the river pushes itroots and allinto the water. The Ilet gnaws at one shore, but on the other it deposits sand as if trying to decorate it with various designs. And as if this were not enough, if the river is too lazy to flow as beforewriggling along, then cutting straight across, correcting its bedit strikes out in another direction, while bays are formed over the old bed. Sometimes such a bay is rather large and deep, and various fishes spawn there.
SERGEI CHAVAIN, The Ilet